Hero X

我自己的网站。什么都有,尽量不鸽。

布加迪 Type-41:生不逢时,却一箭双雕

Legendary BUGATTI Type-41: Born wrong time, but 1 stone 2 birds

传奇车型布加迪Type-41:生不逢时,却一箭双雕


本文也发布于DriveTribe驾驶部落,欢迎大家访问我在驾驶部落的主页:

https://drivetribe.com/u/Oa6Slvq7RTG-nlUk0LKG3g


It’s called “Bugatti Royale”, born for those blue-blooded. However, no imperial kinsmen has ever own one.

它名为“布加迪·皇家”,为皇亲国戚而生。然而,它从未被任何王室所拥有。

25 Bugatti Type-41s should be built. However, only 6 have come real. And they experienced different destinies each.

原定要制造25辆布加迪Type-41。然而,只有6台得以呱呱坠地。而它们都命途多舛,各走异程。

Bugatti built the Type-41, hoping to win a reputation once again. It turns out that Type-41 won 2 reputations for Bugatti – not only in automotive industry, but also in another aspect.

布加迪生产出Type-41,期冀它能为布加迪再获一个盛名。而结果是,Type-41为布加迪迎来了两份荣誉:一份在汽车工业上,还有一份在其他领域。


TYPE-41 “ROYALE”, A REAL HERO FROM BUGATTI

Type-41“皇家”,布加迪的荣耀之作

《布加迪 Type-41:生不逢时,却一箭双雕》

Talking about ultimate luxury vehicles, the French brand Bugatti is always recognized as a symbol of them. Dating back to that period. Type-41 suffers from a sluggish sales, but it is remembered till now. And then unexpectedly, it leads to Bugatti’s success – as an express train manufacturer.

说到顶级豪华汽车,法国品牌布加迪一直被认为是其中的标杆。时光回溯到那个年代,Type-41型虽然饱经市场的惨淡,但至今仍不被人所遗忘。而出乎预料的是,它还开创了布加迪的另一个传奇 —— 身份是特快列车厂商。

《布加迪 Type-41:生不逢时,却一箭双雕》

“Best for the best, also the most expensive”, this motto guides Ettore Bugatti and his company in car manufacture. In 1926, the Bugatti Type-41 was born. Target consumers of the Type-41 were those blue-blooded of the European monarchy, this positioning also explains the origin of Type-41’s alias, which is “Royale”.

“百尺竿头,堆金积玉”,这个格言贯穿了艾托·布加迪和他的公司的造车历程。在1926年,布加迪Type-41诞生了。它的目标客户是那些欧洲君主制国家的皇亲国戚。这样的定位,也解释了Type-41的外号 ——“皇家”的由来。

This “Royale” has got a 4293mm wheelbase, it’s nearly the lenth of a Ford focus. Powered by an extraordinary 12.76 liter inline 8-cylinder engine which produces 300bhp at only 2000 rpm, this 3.2 tonne giant could reach a top speed of 200 km/h. It’s got a three-speed manual gearbox. Definitely the best performance at that time. Not only the performance is ultimate, the price is also “ultimate”, costing 660,000 franc.

“皇家”拥有4293mm的轴距,几近福特福克斯的全车长。仅在2000转就能输出300匹的最大马力,有了令人惊叹的12.76升直列8缸发动机加持,这台3.2吨的庞然大物的极速可以达到200km/h。它配备的是三档手动变速箱。这在当时绝对是顶级动力表现。不仅动力是顶级的,它的价格也是“顶级”的,售66万法郎。

《布加迪 Type-41:生不逢时,却一箭双雕》

Bugatti expected to sell at least 25 Type-41s to his target consumers. In 1928, they announced, “Our loyal customer – Alfonso XIII of Spain will receive the first Type-41 this year.” Until the poor Alfonso XIII was dethroned 3 years later, he was not lucky enough to see his Type-41.

布加迪希望能够向它的目标客户,售出至少25台Type-41。在1928年,他们宣布:“我们忠实的客户 —— 西班牙国王阿方索十三世将于今年喜提Type-41的首台车。”直到三年后可怜的阿方索十三世被罢黜,他也无福看上一眼他的Type-41.

The Great Depression that broke out in 1929 severely hit the production progress and sales of this ultimate car. The delivery of the first Type-41 was in fact realized in 1932. In the end, Bugatti only produced six “Royale”, and only three were successfully sold. Ironically, none of the three buyers is a royal one!

1929年爆发的经济大危机,也严重地冲击了这款终极汽车的生产进度和销售。实际上,首台Type-41的交付直到1932年才得以实现。最终布加迪只生产了6台“皇家”,并且只有三台成功售出。讽刺的是,这三个买家里,没有一个有皇室血统!

《布加迪 Type-41:生不逢时,却一箭双雕》

Luckily, all the 6 Type-41s survived till today. They once got together at the Pebble Beach Concours d’légance. Their family photo is above.

所幸,全部6台Type-41得以保存至今。它们曾经在圆石滩优雅竞赛上得以团聚。上图就算它们的全家福。

The Bugatti family kept the three unsold “Royals”. During World War II, the Bugattis tried their best to hide these three cars, freeing them from the ravages of war and the misfortunes of being requisitioned. However, to ease the financial difficulty after World War II, they sold two of the Type-41s to Briggs Cunnigham, an American racer and team owner.

布加迪家族把三台未售出的“皇家”留下了。在二战期间,布加迪尽力藏匿这三台车,让它们免受战争的荼毒和被征用的厄运。然而,为了缓解二战后的财务压力,他们把其中两台出售给了兼是赛车手和车队老板的美国人Briggs Cunnigham。

Thanks to the popular Haute Couture culture of those years, all 6 Type-41s’ shapes and interior styles are different from each other. A two-seat convertible “Armand Esders” model designed by Jean Bugatti with a chassis serial of 41.111 is the best known one. However, it is a pity that this beautiful two-seat convertible was transformed into a “Coupé de Ville” in 1938, with driver’s seat convertible and passenger seat roofed. In 1999, Volkswagen bought this car for $ 20 million and handed it to Bugatti’s collection.

得益于当年高级定制文化的流行,这6台Type-41的车身形状和内饰风格都远近高低各不同。其中由简·布加迪(埃托里·布加迪的儿子,在汽车方面颇有建树,不幸于试车时车祸去世)设计的,底盘编号为41.111的双座敞篷“Armand Esders”,是最为有名的。然而可惜的是,这台优美的双座敞篷车在1938年被改装为“Coupé de Ville”外形,它的驾驶座是敞篷的,乘客座位是硬顶的。在1999年,大众花费2000万美元买下此车,交由布加迪收藏。

《布加迪 Type-41:生不逢时,却一箭双雕》

WAGON RAPIDE, ANOTHER BUGATTI VICTORY

”快速列车“,布加迪的又一胜利

In addition to making the model even more rare, the Type-41’s commercial failure has also dragged Bugatti into bankruptcy, leaving 23 sets for Type-41 engines that have been manufactured but nowhere to use. Ettore Bugatti thought of an old customer who would surely save Bugatti from the fire – the French government. However, in that economic situation, it was no way to sell luxury Bugatties to them. Finally they came up with a plan to build express trains.

Type-41在商业上的失败,不仅让这款车更加稀有,还把布加迪拖累到了破产的边缘,只留下23台已经制造完成,但无用武之地的Type-41。埃托里·布加迪想到了一个老客户,这老客户肯定会救布加迪于危难之间的 —— 那就是法国政府。然而在这样的经济状况下,向法国政府出售布加迪豪车是没门的了。最终,他们想到了制造特快列车的点子。

《布加迪 Type-41:生不逢时,却一箭双雕》

In 1932, Bugatti started the manufacture of “Wagon Rapide, WR” , just for “fast”! Only nine months later, the WR prototype was rolled out at the Alsace factory in early 1933. This is a single-carriage train with an outstanding aerodynamic shape and a domineering design. This Bugatti, which can carry 48 passengers, installed 4 Type-41 engines, which output a total of 800 horsepower. It uses two sets of hydraulically-driven 4-axle bogies and ran 172 km/h! Bugatti became one of the world’s earliest express train manufacturers.

1932年,布加迪开始了WR(Wagon Rapide, 快速列车)的制造,只为了”快“!区区九个月后的1933年初,WR的原型车就在阿尔萨斯的工厂下线了。这火车仅一节,拥有出色的空气动力学外形和张扬的外观设计。这辆额定载客48人的布加迪,装配了4台Type-41发动机,总共能够输出800马力。它装配了两副四轴液压转向架,能以172km/h的速度运行!布加迪就此成为世界最早的特快列车制造商之一。

《布加迪 Type-41:生不逢时,却一箭双雕》

This picture shows the timetable of Paris-Lyon Bugatti express, it takes only 5 hours single way. In May 1933, the French National Railways purchased the WR prototype from Bugatti for passenger transportation in Paris-Deauville, with an average speed of 116 km/h. In 1934, the National Railway Administration ordered another six single-carriage WRs. In October that year, a WR running in Le Mans-Connerré set a new record of 192 km/h! Later the record was pushed to 196 km/h!

上图是巴黎往返里昂的布加迪快车时刻表,单程只需5小时。1933年5月,法国国家铁路从布加迪购入了WR的原型车,用于巴黎往返多维尔的客运线路,平均时速达到116km/h。1934年,法国国家铁路管理局追加购买了6台单节WR。同年10月,一辆勒芒往返柯内雷的WR创下了192km/h的新纪录!随后纪录被提高到196km/h!

WR’s beautiful appearance, outstanding performance and good reliability have earned Bugatti a commercial success. Bugatti has also introduced more variants, including a single-carriage WL (Wagon Léger) equipped two Type-41 engines. Also they built trailers without power.

WR漂亮的外观、杰出的性能和极高的可靠性,让布加迪在商业上大获成功。布加迪还推出了更多种改型,包括装配两台Type-41发动机的单节车厢WL(Wagon Léger,轻型列车),还有不带动力的拖车。

《布加迪 Type-41:生不逢时,却一箭双雕》

Perhaps it is destined to inherit Type-41’s unfinished “Royale” mission, the Bugatti express serialized ZZy 24408 served as the presidential train for Albert Lebrun, last president of the Third Republic of France, during the inauguration of Cherbourg Coast Railway Station. This train is currently on display in Mulhouse, France.

可能是为了注定要完成Type-41未尽的”皇家“使命,序列号为ZZy 24408的布加迪快车,担当了法兰西第三共和国末代总统阿尔贝·勒布伦参加瑟堡海岸火车站落成典礼时的总统专列。现在这辆车在法国米卢兹展出。


ONE STONE, TWO BIRDS

一箭,双雕

The Type-41 is a legend. It well demonstrated how high Bugatti could achieve in industry. Born with the Great Depression and the War after, nevertheless these tough ages were not able to vanish the beauty of Type-41. Type-41 helped Bugatti won two reputations, one in automotive industry, one in train history. Certainly it will be remembered forever.

Type-41是一个传奇。它诠释了布加迪在工业上所能及的高度。这款车出生便面临着经济大危机和二战的窘境,但那些艰难坎坷并未侵蚀Type-41的光芒。Type-41为布加迪增光添彩了两次,一次是在汽车工业上,一次是在火车历史上。显然它将永远为人所铭记。

点赞

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注